An endogenous 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) metabolite, 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME(2)), has been reported to exhibit estrogen receptor (ER)-independent anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects. Several mechanisms have been proposed for 2-ME(2) actions, but there is a lack of evidence for a common pathway for all of the cell-types sensitive to this metabolite. We have examined potential alterations in p53 in response to 2-ME(2), E(2) and the microtubule disruptor taxol in T47D breast cancer cells. Cells were cultured for six days in medium depleted of endogenous steroids or effectors. Semi-confluent cells were treated with 2-ME(2) (1 nM - 10 mu M), 10 nM E(2) and/or 1 mu M taxol and subjected to SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis, quantitative analysis, or laser-scanning confocal microscopy. Western blot analysis revealed a concentration-dependent biphasic trend in p53 levels. Addition of 10 nM - 1 mu M 2-ME(2) induced significant up-regulation in p53, and this response gradually diminished to levels comparable to the control upon treatment with higher concentrations (2.5 - 10 mu M). The observed upregulation of p53 induced by 2-ME(2) is inhibited by concurrent treatment with 1 mu M taxol. Cell quantitation revealed a significant decrease (50 - 90%) in cell number upon treatment with 1 - 10 mu M 2-ME(2) with minimal effect at lower concentrations. No additional effect on cell proliferation was observed when taxol was combined with 10 nM or 1 mu M 2-ME(2). In a concentration dependent manner, treatment with 2-ME(2) for 24 h differentially influenced cellular localization of p53. These results may aid in further understanding the relationship between steroid receptors, tumor suppressor proteins, and effects of hormone metabolites on breast cancer cells.
Graduate student Amy Siebert publishes paper on breast cancer.
Created by Brad Roth (firstname.lastname@example.org) on Wednesday, December 14, 2011 Modified by Brad Roth (email@example.com) on Friday, December 16, 2011 Article Start Date: Wednesday, December 14, 2011